IPPF Oral Statement to the 42nd Session of the Commission on Population and Development
We believe that there is clear evidence that the ICPD Programme of Action is crucial to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), in particular the health MDGs and MDG 3. However, MDG 5, - which is closest to the spirit of Cairo - is the furthest from realization.
The full implementation of the visionary and still unfinished agenda of Cairo is essential for the elimination of poverty, sustainable social and economic development in an inter-dependent world, and for the achievement of equity, social justice and human rights.
IPPF calls on all Member States to work in genuine partnership with civil society, parliamentarians, and their communities and the private sector, to deliver the promises made in 1994, 1999 at the Special Sessions on HIV and AIDS, the 2005 review of the MDGs, at Paris and at Accra and here at the United Nations last September.
Above all, we call for urgent steps to address maternal mortality and morbidity, recognizing that pregnancy-related factors including unsafe abortion are the major cause of death for girls under 19 in the developing world.
There is clear evidence now to demonstrate the importance of links between HIV and AIDS prevention, voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) and other services and a comprehensive approach to reproductive health including family planning.
We urge that these links be expanded in order to halt the epidemic which continues to undermine development and in order to ensure the reproductive rights of those people living with HIV and AIDS, and especially the rights of young people to knowledge, information and services as they increasingly bear the brunt of the epidemic.
Women are the drivers of development.
Girls count and women matter. Violence against women, forced early marriage and denial of their sexual and reproductive rights continue to rob women of their rightful place.
When women have the means to choose the number and spacing of their children they will generally choose more for their children, not more children.
This ability to exercise this most basic human right is vital for individual health and well-being, sustainable families and communities and a sustainable planet.
The time has come to reinvigorate family planning, to ensure all women have this basic right. To do this we must meet the unmet need of some 200 million women and the needs of the world’s largest ever generation of young people.
This will require increased funding for comprehensive sexuality education, youth friendly services and access to a wide range of contraceptive methods including male and female condoms, which can prevent unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV and AIDS.
To deny young people, men and women the knowledge and the means to protect themselves through the use of condoms not only places their lives in danger but is an unethical deceit.
A comprehensive approach to MDG 5 and the Cairo agenda will also ensure that the needs of the forgotten and marginalized including refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs), and women and girls in conflict situations, are recognized and addressed.
We must invest now in the future.
Yet the Cairo agenda and a comprehensive approach to MDG 5 are largely invisible in discussions about health systems strengthening, and economic growth and new aid compacts. This needs to be urgently addressed. Those born in 1994 are now 15, how well will the world meet their needs? IPPF’s 15andcounting campaign will give young people the opportunity to answer this question for themselves.
At a time of global crisis brought about by climate change and the financial recession there are many urgent priorities.
There is no MDG for young people but in the visionary spirit of Cairo the highest priority must be investment in young people, and their health, well-being and development, their knowledge and rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights.
That investment can transform the world. That investment must be at the very centre and heart of development as we move towards 2015 and beyond and hopefully to a framework that places young people at its centre, together with sexual and reproductive rights.
Only then can we eliminate poverty, only then can the world have a better, brighter future.
That is the investment that must be our legacy and history will judge us accordingly. Delegates, we must understand the urgency of now, and act.